Empirical studies to verify and refine theoretical models are increasingly important in economics. This is reflected in a rising number of empirical contributions to journals where the authors have collected their own research data or used external datasets. However, so far there have been few effective means to replicate this research data within the framework of the corresponding article in order to verify it, to make it available for repurposing or to use it to support scholarly debate.
The DFG-funded project EDaWax was intended to meet these challenges. One of the main objectives was the development of a publication-related data archive for journals.
During the first phase of the project, analysis systematically redacted the current challenges as manifested mainly by the lack of incentive structures for the replication of research results and the multiple use of data.
At the same time, currently existing technical and organisational solutions within the context of economics journals and data archives were analysed and investigated with regard to their suitability for the requirements of the EDaWax project and with particular attention to the legal framework.
Based on the results of this analysis, a metadata schema for the description and labelling of the data was developed during the second phase of the project.
The knowledge gained led to the third phase, where a pilot project for innovative publication-related data archives was developed using the renowned journal "Schmollers Jahrbuch / Journal of Applied Social Science" as an exemplar.
EDaWax funding phase 1 was a joint project of RatSWD (German Data Forum), the INNO-tec Institute at LMU Munich and the ZBW. Members of RatSWD acted as editors of Schmollers Jahrbuch and coordinated the work package “legal framework” while the INNO-tec Institute investigated the incentive structures of so-called data sharing. The ZBW undertook the remaining analytical work packages, designed and developed the publication-related data archive and acted as project coordinator.